Relief and Mosaic decor

Stein #24

The first ceramics produced in Mettlach had a sculptural (flat) naturalistic decor that raised from the background and decorated the surface of the object. This manufactoring technique is named " Relief " (here: Flat-Relief ), an art form between the painting and statuary.

These Mettlacher ceramic products were mostly from brown to yellowish-brown mass and often covered with a platinum coating. In general, they did not have a maker's mark respectively just a number. If a trademark or maker's mark is visible in the early stages of relief production. It were slightly raised patterns, a crowned weapon shield with the letters VBMV illeroy B och M ettlach) intertwined. On both sides the mark was flanked by an eagle holding a band in its claws. Below the shield are two medals (indicating previous company awards). This brand was used from 1842 to 1860 .

Relief articles from Mettlach belong ro the cheapest products that were produced at that time (and usually also today).The mold numbers are usually under # 1000 , after 1880 they were included in the production program with mold numbers in the range of # 1000 - # 3500 . Other manufacturers also dopted this technique, but they did not reach the quality of the Mettlach ceramics.

The first decorations were, as indicated at the beginning of the report, mostly green or brown leaves and tendrils. Later, fruit garlands, animal heads and other figures were used and the reliefs were significantly more complex. In addition, the products became more colorful. So there are relief jugs with decorations or background, which consist of several color variations (= full-color (relief)).

The production of these fairly simple and low priced Mettlach items was produced until around 1880 . After 1880 , further relief articles were created , either completely new products or much of the old series with an improved production technique which was developed in Mettlach (eg with the mold numbers # 6, # 24, # 171, # 202 and # 485 , they were produced for decades and sold in high quantity).

The relief products were produced either by manuel decoration or by using an appropriate mold in which the product including the relief was formed.

For the colored representation of the backgrounds of relief ceramics , the relief mass was first placed in the mold and then applied a colored "Steinzeugschlicker = slurry of stoneware".

For mosaic decors , colored glazes were painted on protruding (relief technique) or incised ( chromolith technique) parts of the ceramic and then fired. To separate the different colors, fine ceramic bridges were often incorporated into the decor.

Glazed items are similar to the mosaic products, however they have no decorative elements that protrude from the body, but a smooth surface.

The mosaic and glazed objects were not so popular at the time. Cause may be the repetitive floral and geometric patterns that were probably too monotonous. On the other hand, there are glazed jugs with elaborately illustrated figures and scenes that have a high collection value. This includes, for example, the jug with the mold number # 2717.

 

Typical, well-known Mettlacher relief / mosaic articles and mixed forms from 1880 have the form numbers :

Mettlach Krug / Beer Stein:

#6, #7, #8, #24, #32, #33, #171, #202. #228, #328, #330, #400 (handgemaltes Relief), #402 (handgemaltes Relief), #404 (handgemaltes Relief), #405 (handgemaltes Relief), #409, #468, #485, #675, #690, #699, #762, #783, #809, #812, #813, #814, #815, #817, #818, #819, #821, #827, #1000, #1001, #1002, #1003, #1005, #1006, #1027, #1028, #1031 (Mosaik), #1035 (Mosaik), #1036 (Mosaik), #1037, #1038 (Mosaik), #1039 (Mosaik), #1055 (Mosaik), #1059, #1060, #1062 (Mosaik), #1063 (Mosaik), #1065, #1068 (Mosaik), #1084, #1095 (Mosaik), #1098, #1100, #1102 (Mosaik), #1104 (Mosaik), #1105 (Mosaik), #1111, #1112, #1120 (Mosaik), #1121 (Mosaik), #1133 (Mosaik), #1144, #1148 (Mosaik), #1151, #1152, #1153, #1155 (Mosaik), #1157, #1169, #1174, #1180, #1184, #1188 (Mosaik), #1189 (Mosaik), #1190 (Mosaik), #1191 (Mosaik), #1192 Mosaik), #1219 (Mosaik), #1221 (Mosaik), #1222 (Mosaik), #1223, #1224 (Mosaik), #1227 (Mosaik), #1236 (Mosaik), #1257 Mosaik), #1258 (Mosaik), #1261 (Mosaik), #1265, #1266, #1283 (Mosaik), #1286 (Mosaik), #1288 (Mosaik), #1293 (Mosaik), #1298 (Mosaik), #1300, #1313 (Mosaik), #1314 (Mosaik), #1352 (Mosaik), #1353 (Mosaik), #1359, #1363, #1367 (Mosaik), #1370, #1402, #1406 (Mosaik), #1419 (Mosaik), #1452 (Mosaik), #1453 (Mosaik), #1455 (Mosaik), #1459, #1460, #1466, #1467, #1492 (Mosaik), #1501, #1525, #1539 (Mosaik), #1540 (Mosaik), #1563, #1570 (Mosaik), #1571 (Mosaik), #1637 (Mosaik), #1638 (Mosaik), #1654 (Mosaik), #1687, #1727, #1736, #1737, #1738 (Mosaik), #1739, #1740, #1744 (Mosaik), #1745, #1756 (+Tapisserie), #1757 (+Tapisserie), #1758 (+Tapisserie), #1759 (+Tapisserie), #1771 (Mosaik), #1780, #1781 (Mosaik), #1782 (Mosaik), #1783 (Mosaik), #1787 (Mosaik), #1788 (Mosaik), #1789 (Mosaik), #1790 (Mosaik), #1791, #1801 (Mosaik), #1802 (Mosaic), #1815 (Mosaik), #1816 (Mosaik), #1821, #1822 (Mosaik), #1827 (Mosaik), #1828 (Mosaik), #1831 (Mosaik), #1832#1833 (Mosaik), #1837 (Mosaik), #1850 (Mosaik), #1853, #1854, #1872, #1878 (Mosaik), #1892 (Mosaik), #1893 (Mosaik), #1894, #1895, #1896, #1901 (Mosaik), #1902 (Mosaik), #1905 (Mosaik), #1906 (Mosaik), #1912 (Mosaik), #1917 (Mosaik), #1918 (Mosaik), #1919 (Mosaik), #1920 (Mosaik), #1921 (Mosaik), #1922 (Mosaik), #1923, #1926, #1927, #1928, #1929 (Mosaik), #1938 (Mosaik), #1939 (Mosaik), #1945, #1952 (Mosaik), #1953 (Mosaik), #1954 (Mosaik), #1957 (Mosaik), #1962 (Mosaik), #1963 (Mosaik), #1964 (Mosaik), #1965 (Mosaik), #1970 (Mosaik), #1973 (Mosaik), #1974 (Mosaik), #1979 (Mosaik), #1980 (Mosaik), #1983 (Mosaik), #1984 (Mosaik), #1989 (Mosaik), #1990 (Mosaik), #1992 (Mosaik), #1993 (Mosaik), #1994 (Mosaik), #2001 (A-L, Relief glasiert), #2015 (dekoriertes Relief), #2016 (dekoriertes Relief), #2033 (dekoriertes Relief), #2034 (Mosaik), #2038 (dekoriertes Relief), #2043 (Mosaik), #2064 (dekoriertes Relief), #2076, #2077, #2085, #2086, #2098 (Mosaik), #2099 (Mosaik), #2124, #2125, #2128, #2130, #2131, #2182, #2186, #2194, #2204 (dekoriertes Relief), #2210, #2211, #2219, #2220, #2232, #2243, #2244, #2245, #2246, #2247, #2248, #2249, #2250, #2251, #2263, #2278, #2284, #2358, #2359, #2363, #2364, #2440 (Relief glasiert), #2480, #2525, #2526, #2527, #2547, #2556, #2557, #2607, #2772, #2824 (dekoriertes Relief), #2828 (dekoriertes Relief), #2829 (dekoriertes Relief), #2869 (dekoriertes Relief), #2917 (dekoriertes Relief), #2930, #2931, #2942, #2943, #2944, #2945, #3024, #3025, #3070, #3071, #3244 (Relief glasiert), #3245 (Relief glasiert), #3247 (Relief glasiert), #3248, #3435, #3507

Mettlach Wandteller / Plaque / Plate:

#875 (Mosaik), #886 (Mosaik),#894 (Mosaik), #1110/3093 (Reiief glasiert), #1082/4005 (Mosaik), #1245 (Mosaik), #1259 (Mosaik), #1260 (Mosaik), #1294 (Mosaik), #1271 (Mosaik), #1372 (Mosaik), #1374 (Mosaik), #1391 (Mosaik), #1392 (Mosaik), #1500, #1528, #1529, #1617, #1677, #1685 (Mosaik), #1688 (Mosaik), #1694 (Mosaik), #1696, #1706 (Mosaik), #1707, #1708

Mettlach Becher / Beaker:

#1218, #1350 (Mosaik), #1357 (Mosaik), #1420 (Mosaik), #2360, #2389, #2390, #2439, #2834 (Mosaik), #2953, #6085 (dekoriertes Relief)

Mettlach Bowle / Bowl:

#375, #418, #820, #1158, #1295 (Mosaik), #1393 (Mosaik), #1535, #1880 (Mosaik), #1888, #1969 (Mosaik), #1978, #2087, #2119 (Mosaik), #2129 (Mosaik), #2225, #2234 (dekoriertes Relief), #2341, #3479, #3571

Mettlach Pokal:

#168, #396, #454, #734, #1004, #1247, #2132, #2150, 2385, #2418

Mettlach Vase:

#1046 (Mosaik), #1081 (Mosaik), #1142 (Mosaik), #1186, #1187 (Mosaik + Relief), #1202 (Relief glasiert), #1220 (Mosaik), #1241, #1267 (Mosaik), #1289 (Mosaik), #1302 (Mosaik), #1303 (Mosaik), #1316 (Mosaik), #1317 (Mosaik), #1318 (Mosaik), #1319 (Mosaik), #1336 (Mosaik), #1338 (Mosaik), #1362 (Mosaik), #1377 (Mosaik), #1398 (Mosaik), #1409 (Mosaik), #1427 (Mosaik), #1430, #1436 (Mosaik), #1442 (Mosaik), #1445 (Mosaik), #1463 (Mosaik), #1468 (Mosaik), #1470 (Mosaik), #1481 (Mosaik), #1482 (Mosaik), #1485 (Mosaik), #1502 (Mosaik), #1503 (Mosaik), #1504 (Mosaik), #1514, #1515, #1538#1541 (Mosaik), #1543. #1567, #1572#1573 (Mosaik), #1575 (Mosaik), #1576 (Mosaik), #1679 (Mosaik), #1580 (Mosaik), #1590#1596 (Mosaik), #1609, #1610, #1611, #1613 (Mosaik), #1623 (Mosaik), #1625 (Mosaik), #1627 (Mosaik), #1629 (Mosaik), #1630 (Mosaik), #1636 (Mosaik), #1639 (Mosaik), #1640 (Mosaik), #1657 (Mosaik), #1658, #1661, #1665 (Mosaik), #1666 (Mosaik), #1667 (Mosaik), #1668 (Mosaik), #1669 (Mosaik), #1671, #1672 (Mosaik), #1673 (Mosaik), #1674 (Mosaik), #1679 (Mosaik), #1680 (Mosaik), #1681 (Mosaik), #1699, #1703, #1704, #1712 (Mosaik), #1728 (Mosaik), #1776, #1777, #1778, #1779 (Mosaik), #1804 (Mosaik), #1805 (Mosaik + Relief), #1806 (Mosaik), #1807 (Mosaik), #1808 (Mosaik), #1824 (Mosaik), #1829 (Mosaik + Relief), #1834 (Mosaik), #1836 (Mosaik), #1849 (Mosaik), #1857, #1862 (Mosaik), #1869 (Mosaik), #1874 (Mosaik), #1875 (Mosaik), #1876 (Mosaik), #1877 (Mosaik), #1882 (Mosaik), #1884 (Mosaik), #1885 (Mosaik), #1886 (Mosaik), #1887 (Mosaik), #1889 (Mosaik), #1897 (Mosaik), #1898#1899 (Mosaik), #1900 (Mosaik), #1936 (Mosaik), #1958 (Mosaik), #1960 (Mosaik), #1961 (Mosaik), #1967, #1981 (Mosaik), #1982 (Mosaik), #1988 (Mosaik), #1991 (Mosaik), #2017 (Mosaik), #2032 (Mosaik), #2039 (Mosaik), #2048 (Mosaik), #2055 (Mosaik), #2059 (Mosaik), #2060 (Mosaik), #2061 (Mosaik), #2072 (Mosaik), #2202#2056 (Mosaik), #2057 (Mosaik), #2354 (glasiert), #2432, #2490 (glaisert), #2492 (glaisert), #2493 (glaisert), #2505 (Mosaik), #2506 (Mosaik), #2512 (glasiert), #2555 (Mosaik), #2852 (Mosaik), #2853 (Mosaik), #2855 (Mosaik), #2856 (Mosaik), #2859 (Mosaik), #2862 (Mosaik), #2864 (Mosaik), #2865 (Mosaik), #2866 (Mosaik), #2868 (Mosaik), #3347 (Mosaik), #3416 (Mosaik), #3417 (Mosaik), #3418 (Mosaik), #3419 (Mosaik), #3454 (Mosaik), #3454 (glasiert), #3458 (Mosaik), #3472 (Mosaik), #3000/1029 (glasiert), #3046/1190 (glasiert), #3056/1083 (glasiert), #3058/1016 (glasiert), #3060/1076 (glasiert), #3060/1077 (glaisert) 

Mettlach Kanne / Pitcher:

#1123, #1175, 1225, #1246, #1287, #1322D (Mosaik), #1338 (Mosaik), #1366, #1493, #1568, #1569 (Mosaik), #1625 (Mosaik), #1637 (Mosaik), #1638 (Mosaik), #1713 (Mosaik), #1720 (Mosaik), #1726 (Mosaik), #1750 (Mosaik), #1762 (Mosaik), #1772, #1773 (Mosaik), #1800 (Mosaik), #1868 (Mosaik), #1985 (Mosaik), #2056 (Relief + Mosaik), #2355, #2356, #2357, #2438, #2863 (Mosaik), #3468 (Mosaik), 6085 (dekoriertes Relief)

Mettlach Aschenbecher + Zündholzhalter / Ash Tray + Match Box Holder

#1301 (Mosaik), #1428 (Mosaik), #1429 (Mosaik), #3110

Mettlach Tabakdose + Keksdose / Tobacco Jars + Biscuit Jars

#1193 (Mosaik), #1196 (Mosaik), #1199 (Mosaik), #1203 (Mosaik), #1206, #1209 (Mosaik), #1212 (Mosaik), #1243 (Mosaik), #1305 (Mosaik), #1310 (Mosaik), #1323 (Mosaik), #1340 (Mosaik), #1347 (Mosaik), #1432 (Mosaik), #2307  

Mettlach Blumentopf / Flowerpot + Jardiniere 

#1064 (Mosaik), #1156, #1179, #1229 (Mosaik), #1358 (Mosaik), #1360 (Mosaik), #1361 (Mosaik), #1444 (Mosaik), #1556 (Mosaik), #1557 (Mosaik), #1558 (Mosaik), #1559 (Mosaik), #1560 (Mosaik), #1564 (Mosaik), #1565 (Mosaik), #1597 (Mosaik), #1598 (Mosaik), #1612, #1615 (Mosaik), #1618 (Mosaik), #1619 (Mosaik), #1621 (Mosaik), #1622 (Mosaik), #1660 (Mosaik), #1686, #1693, #1793, #1835 (Mosaik), #1933 (Mosaik), #2137, #2138 (Mosaik), #2867 (Mosaik), #1047/3033 (Mosaik), #1047/3040 (Mosaik), #1047/3044 (Mosaik)

Mettlach Säule + Blumentopf / Pedestal + Flowerpot

#2399 + #2208 (Mosaik), #5110 + #5114 (dekoriertes Relief)

Mettlach Schirmständer / Umbrella Stand

#1711 (Mosaik), Dec. 164 (Relief)

Mettlach Likörflasche + Gläser / Liquor Bottle + glasses

#1296 (Mosaik), #1328 (Mosaik), #1335 (Mosaik), #3507

Mettlach Kompott-Behälter / Compote

#1784 (Relief + Geritzt)

Mettlach Eisbehälter / Ice Bucket

#1216 (Mosaik), #1268 (Mosaik), #1327 (Mosaik), #1355 (Mosaik)

Mettlach Senftopf / Mustard Jar

#1089 (Mosaik), #1090 (Mosaik), #1264 (Mosaik), #1272 (Mosaik), #1273 (Mosaik), #1274 (Mosaik)

Mettlach Deckeldose + Boxen + Teebehälter / Covered Jar + Box + Tea Caddy

#1127 (Mosaik), #1601 (Mosaik), #3403 (Mosaik), #3406 (Mosaik), #3452 (Mosaik)

Mettlach Salatschüssel / Salad Bowl

#1215 (Mosaik), #1248 (Mosaik), #1249 (Mosaik), #1250 (Mosaik), #1251 (Mosaik), #1252 (Mosaik), #1304 (Mosaik), #1308 (Mosaik), #1309 (Mosaik), #1321 (Mosaik), #1322 (Mosaik), #1346 (Mosaik), #1421 (Mosaik), #3537 

 Mettlach Konfekt-Teller / Candy Dishes

#1522 (Mosaik), #1523 (Mosaik), #1748 (Mosaik), #3415 (Mosaik)

Mettlach Honigtopf / Honey Jars

 #1195 (Mosaik), #1198 (Mosaik), #1205 (Mosaik), #1208, #1211 (Mosaik), #1306 (Mosaik), #1311 (Mosaik), #1324 (Mosaik), #1553 (Mosaik), #3465 (Mosaik)

Mettlach Butterdose / Butter Dishes

#1197 (Mosaik), #1204 (Mosaik), #1210 (Mosaik), #1213 (Mosaik), #1307 (Mosaik), #1312 (Mosaik), #1325 (Mosaik), #1342 (Mosaik), #1349 (Mosaik), #1554 (Mosaik)

Mettlach Uhren / Clocks

#1834 (Mosaik), #2060 (Mosaik)

Mettlach Weihwasser-Becken / Holy Water Fonts

#47, #170, #1045 (Mosaik)

Mettlach Mini-Vase + Streichholzhalter + Zahnstocherbox / Mini-vase + Match Holder + Toothpick Holder

#1433 (Mosaik), #1434 (Mosaik), #1435 (Mosaik), #1437 (Mosaik), #1439 (Mosaik), #1440 (Mosaik), #1441 (Mosaik), #1451 (Mosaik), #1461 (Mosaik), #1464 (Mosaik)

Mettlach Nadel-Box / Pin Box

#1659 (Mosaik)

Mettlach Kerzenhalter / Candleholder

#1836 (Mosaik), #2026 (Mosaik)

Mettlach Lampenfuß / Lamp Base

#1236 (Mosaik), #1313 (Mosaik), #1358 (Mosaik), #1534 (Mosaik), 1592 (Mosaik)

Mettlach Möbeleinlagen / Tiles Set in Furniture

#1528, #1529

Mettlach Tablet / Trays

#1067 (Mosaik), #1082 (Mosaik), #1103 (Mosaik), #1328 (Mosaik), #1335 (Mosaik)

Mettlach Waschschüssel / Wash Basin

 #1141, #1792 (Mosaik)

Mettlach Salz-Schale / Salt Dish

#1278 (Mosaik)

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