PUG - Print under Glaze

In 1886 Villeroy & Boch Mettlach introduced a technique already used in England ( printing under glaze , called PUG = Print Under Glaze) for a cheaper production line. It was used both earthenware and stoneware. The Mettlach craftsmen were perfectly prepared for this new technique.
 
Printed decors
 
This technique was based on lithographic drawings ( lithography = planographic printing) composed of stone or metal plates (zinc or aluminum), one for each color. The colors were then transferred with a roller press individually on a paper sheet (tissue paper), which then included the entire colorful decoration.
 
This is also referred to as print decoration , as the decor was transferred (by soaking the paper with water) on the already fired or glazed object body.
 
It is interesting that the printed decors were applied to wall plaques only from 1893 , although this technique was introduced in 1885 and until 1893 with more than 200 different decors (eg the numbers 565-736 ) were used by other products.
 
The first decor number used for wall plaques was number 737 . This decor had more than 20 different representations and was the predecessor of the Mettlach military steins with the decor numbers from 738 to 940 .
Prior to 1893 , all wall plaques were hand-painted and all the steins were printed.
 
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