Discocer the golden age of Mettlach Ceramic


Villeroy & Boch Mettlach Stoneware marks

As the most important trademarks in the golden age of Mettlach pottery from 1885 - 1910 there is the tower mark and the Merkur mark. In addition, there are also so-called relief marks (attached brand symbols, see the pictures below), which were used before 1880 .

The tower mark symbolizes the old Mettlach tower from the 11th century . The mark was introduced in 1883 .

The Mercury mark shows the winged head of Mercury with two sticks surrounded by snakes above the banner Villeroy & Boch. Mercury means the god of commerce. This mark was registered by the Imperial Patent Office on March 18, 1876 because on November 30, 1874 a trademark law was introduced in Germany, which came into force on May 1, 1875 .

In the V & B manufactories Mettlach, Bonn, Dresden, Saargemünd, Schramberg, Septfontaines, Torgau and Wallerfangen the mark was used in different colors and different features.

Tower and Mercury marks were incised on the bottom (steins) / back (wall plaques) or stamped (with ink).

But it is also not uncommon to find a stein without a mark from time to time (especially the very early steins around 1860 ) or a wall plaque, whose Merkur marks (ink) can only be recognized as a colored age-related spot . However, these are exceptions. Generally Mettlach ceramics can be easily recognized even without a mark:-)).

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